Surveillance Technology: Nigerian Airforce Engineers designed, build drone – target pipeline monitoring

By Luka Binniyat | Report Published in Vanguard of Nigeria

Drones - as military use expands, civil use being developed
Drones – as military use expands, civil use being developed

KADUNA — Young officers from Nigerian Air Force School of Engineers, Aircraft Design Centre, Kaduna, yesterday, dazzled the Minister of Science and Technology, Prof. Ita Okon Bassey-Ewa when they displayed to him an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, UAV, referred to as drone, which could fly non-stop for about four hours at 3000 feet.

The drone was conceptualised, designed and built by them in Kaduna under the direct supervision of the Provost of the Nigerian Air Force, NAF, Institute of Technology, Prof. Emmanuel Ezugwu.

According to officials of the institute, the drone’s empenage was about three metres while the wing span was about half a metre.

The four officers, all Flight Lieutenants, said it was a three-year effort in collaboration with Cranfield University of United Kingdom with funds from the Federal Government.

The officers who asked that all the credit for break through be given to the Commandant of the school and Chief of Air Staff pleaded that their names be not mentioned in the press.

The school had earlier displayed a conceptualised model of an ab-initio training fighter aircraft known as Farawa (meaning “the beginning” in Hausa) for the Air Force just as it was trying to design a Nigerian-made Air Beattle, AB-18, for the Air Force.

The four officers had bagged Masters degrees in various fields related to avionics from Cranfield University, after their first degrees from the Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna.

They told Vanguard: “We designed and built this UAV based on the pressing needs of our country today. The vehicle can be used in pipeline monitoring, border patrol, mapping and disaster monitoring. Other areas of use include  maritime patrol, aerial surveillance and pest monitoring.

“The vehicle can fly at 3000 feet, and remain airborne for four hours using petrol for now. The first one we built is called Amebo 1. The second one is Amebo 2 and is an improvement over the first.
“If we keep getting the right support as we are getting now, we will accomplish our mission for the country.”

In fact in the next five years, we may start building our own light aircraft for training new pilots”, the officers said.

The Minister who was obviously amazed at the development was in Kaduna attending the National Stakeholders’ Workshop/Exhibition on National System of Innovation, NSI, during which several inventions by Nigerians were exhibited.

Earlier in his opening remarks at ceremony the Minister had said, “as demonstration of the drive towards promoting innovations the Ministry is calling for entries for the maiden, ‘’Best

Innovation/Invention Award.’’

The award which was open to individuals, institutions and corporate bodies  has a grand prize of N1 million.

Odion Taiwo Ezomo: How to succeed in mathematics

By Odion Taiwo Ezomo

Step 1: Hard work trumps natural talent.

Image credit: Rochester Institute of Technology

As it is in most other areas of life , the people who are most successful in mathematics are the one who work the hardest , not those with “natural talent’’ in school. Those who work hard get better grades in mathematics than the ‘’smart’’ students who just coast. Most aspect of mathematics can only be learnt by hard practice. This holds true whether you want to develop your problem solving abilities or your computational skills. No one thinks they can run a marathon by using their natural talent, but there are lots of people with no talent for running who have worked hard and have successfully completed many marathons.

Step 2: Keep an open mind.

In mathematics almost everything you learn is useful, even if you can’t see it right way. All the formulas, theorem, ideas, proofs, and problems you study in high schools and colleges are connected to lots of real world applications, even if you don’t see them now. And more importantly even if you think you’ll never use the specific things you are studying, they help develop your mind and make it easier for you to solve other problems, later the problems you really care about. It’s like boxing: training programmes for boxers often involve lots of jumping rope. A boxer might complain ‘’When am I ever going to use this? I am never going to jump rope in a match “But jumping rope makes them better boxers, even though the boxers never jump rope while fighting. The mathematics you are learning is much more useful than jumping rope; but even if you never use it in your life yet, it makes you smarter. That is the most important reason to study it.

Step 3: find the reasons don’t just memorize.

Mathematics is not just a long list of random formulas that someone’s invented out of nowhere. Mathematics work because it is true, there is a reason for every step, every rule, and every part of every formula. Don’t just memorize the formulas and the rules .Find out where they came from. Why they work, and what they mean .It may sound like more work to do this, but if you will quickly find that understanding the reasons and the meaning actually makes everything easier.

Step 4: never give up.

Mathematics is hard. Anyone who says otherwise is lying. But you can do it anyway. If you want to be good at anything, you have to stick with it, even when you feel like quitting. You gain the most when you finally figure out a problem after a long struggle. That’s how you get smarter. But you’ll get nowhere if you give up whenever a problem is confusing or when can’t solve it right away. Athletes know that working, fighting, against something that is hard makes you stronger. The same goes for your brain getting the right answer quickly won’t make you smarter, but fighting with a hard problem for a long time will.

Step 5: Learn to read the textbooks.

Mathematics books are not like other books they pack a lot of information into a small space. One page might take you an hour to really understand well. That is not the books are poorly written it is because it takes time to absorb the information, and you have to think carefully about every line.

You even have to think a lot about the pictures.

Most people who try to read mathematics books get frustrated and give up they expect the mathematics book to be as easy to read as their favourite novel. But if you slow down and really think about what is happening in each step, you will find that your book is like a personal tutor. Most books have lots of examples and explain things in several different ways. Most of them are written by someone who someone who has teaching for a long time and knows how to help you with the confusing parts. Once you get the hang of reading them, they can make learning mathematics a lot easier.

The one thing a book can’t do is answering questions. The great secret is read the book before you go to class. Then you can ask the teacher about all things that didn’t make sense in the book. Most people only try and read their books after class, when they didn’t understand some part of what the teacher as saying. But then if you have a question, you’re stuck you can’t ask your questions because the teacher is gone.

Step 6: Talk to your teacher.

Professors and teachers want to help you. Get to know them .Go to them for help they love to talk to students who want to learn. Go to them to get help finding the right classes, to get help with homework (even for a class they are not teaching), and just to discuss life. They can help you with your mathematics, and they can help you avoid the mistakes they made when they were students.

Step 7: Look for the beauty.

Mathematics is extremely useful, but it is also beautiful. It connect lots of different ideas into one. It explains important things that cannot be understood in any other way. When you finally get it, it is exciting to see how things fit together, why things work. How it all makes sense. Enjoy the experience of opening your mind.

Ezomo Odion Taiwo is of the Department of Education, South Africa